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Dayananda Saraswati Chowk

Dayananda Saraswati Chowk

Dayanand Saraswati was one of the most radical socio-religious reformers in the history of India. He was the founder of Arya Samaj and propagated the teachings of Vedas at a time when widespread casteism was prevalent in Hindu society. He undertook a tour of the entire country and made fiery speeches condemning the caste system, idolatry and child marriages. Dayanand Saraswati was the first leader in the field of theology who welcomed the advances of science and technology. For him the Vedas contain the seed of science and advocate the philosophy of dynamic realism.

Dayanand Saraswati founded Arya Samaj in Mumbai in 1875 to promote social service. Arya Samaj postulates equal justice for all men and all nations, together with equality of the sexes. It repudiates a hereditary caste system, and only recognizes professions or guilds, suitable to the complementary aptitudes of men in society. He gave new interpretations to reform the stagnant Hindu thought through his book "Satyaprakash" (The Light of Truth). Swamiji could complete Rig Veda and Yajur Veda in his life time. These were then edited and printed and was referred to as Ved Bhashya. He was extremely keen that Shyamji Krishna Varma should take up his work. Swamiji wrote several letters to Shyamji Krishna Varma between October, 1878 and March, 1879 in this regard.

Swami Dayanand Saraswati was a great reformer who ushered in a renaissance of Indian society towards the end of 19th century. He ordained that:

"The Vedas are the source of true knowledge. To read and understand the Vedas is the supreme duty of one and all."

The gallery displays glimpses of Dayanand Saraswati's work and birth place - Tankara in Gujarat.